Prof. Dr. Antonio C. D. Panaino
Avestan and generally Mazdean literatures; history of religions in Pre-Islamic Iran; the mutual influences between Byzantium and the Sasanian; Astronomy and Astrology in the ancient world; History of ancient philosophy in its intercultural connections between East and West with a special focus on the concept of Time; Ethno-linguistics of the Yaghnobi and of the Iranian area. Preservation of the ethno-cultural heritage in areas of crisis and conflict; History of games in antiquity.
Antonio Panaino is Full Professor of Iranian Studies at the University of Bologna. He studied Classics and Iranian Studies in Milan and received his Ph.D. in Iranian Studies from the University of Naples. He has published numerous articles and books on Iranian linguistics, the history of Iranian religions, and the history of ancient sciences, focusing on astronomy, astrology, cosmography, and calendrical problems in the intercultural framework of the Iranian pre-Islamic period. Prof. Panaino has also developed many research programs on ancient and oriental sciences and is a member of the Doctoral School of the University of Bologna.
Time as an ontological category in ancient Iran
The concept of Time (Zurwân) has assumed a central importance in Ancient Iran, where the distinction between eternal and limited time had theological (and liturgical) relevance. The present research focuses on three main problems: 1) The qualitative distinction between eternity and human history played a special role in the framework of the Mazdean millenarianism, whose development and impact on other cultures must be anew considered also with reference to Jewish and Christian chiliasm. 2) Another related investigation concerns the possible interferences between the Iranian idea of Time and the Platonic concept of Aiôn as eternal time. 3) Time and motion. The motion of the astral bodies starts with Ahreman’s invasion, and in Avestan sources it is connected with an action played by the Fravashis (the feminine pre-existing souls of the human beings). In later sources in Pahlavi, its origin shows more intricate aspects, sometimes attributed to Ahreman himself. The philosophical dimension of the origin of the astral motion in the Mazdean sources will be the subject of this study.
Full Professor of Iranian Studies, University of Bologna
1992 – 2000
Associate Professor, University of Bologna
1989 – 1991
Ph.D., Iranian Studies, University of Naples
2020. A Walk Through the Iranian Heavens: For a History of an Unpredictable Dialogue between Nonspherical and Spherical Models. Ancient Iran Series. Irvine: UCI Jordan Center for Persian Studies.
2020. “Mazdeans and Christians Facing the End of the World: Circulations and Exchanges of Concepts.” Entangled Religions 11 (2): 1-31.
2020. Old Iranian Cosmography: Debates and Perspectives. Iranica et Mediterranea. Milano: Mimesis Edizioni.
2020. “The Conceptual Image of the Planets in Ancient Iran and the Process of Their Demonization: Visual Materials and Models of Inclusion and Exclusion in Iranian History of Knowledge.” NTM Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine 28: 359-389.
2019. “Il tempo e le sue ‘parti’ nel mondo iranico antico: Avestico yār- ‘anno’, aiiar-/aiian- e azan-/asn- ‘giorno’ [= Time and its 'parts' in the ancient Iranian world].” In Iranian Studies in Honour of Adriano V. Rossi, edited by G. P. Basello, 569-612. Neaples: University of Naples, L'Orientale.
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February 23, 2023
February 23, 2023
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February 23, 2023